The National Center for Victims of Crime does an amazing job assisting victims of crime. In 1999 at the suggestion of a Secret Service agent who was attempting to help me with my stalking, I contacted the NCVC. I worked with the Deputy Director of Public Policy who helped draft the current NJ Criminal Stalking Law. The Stalking Resource Center at the NCVC urged me to share my tale of stalking with women to encourage more women to fight back. Susan Herman, who was the Executive Director of the NCVC, crafted the philosophy of parallel justice.
The Next Revolution in Crime Victims' Rights: A System of Parallel Justice
During the past 20 years, a sea change occurred in the involvement of crime
victims in the criminal justice system.
The far-reaching recommendations of the 1982 Final Report of the President's
Task Force on Victims of Crime set the stage for nothing less than a revolution
in establishing crime victims’ rights to participate in the criminal justice
system. At the time this report was released, only the state of California
provided constitutional protection to crime victims’ rights. Furthermore, very
few states gave victims what we now consider to be the most basic of rights,
including the right to be present in the court room, the right to be notified
about and provide input into crucial developments in the criminal justice
process, and the right to restitution.
Since 1982, we have seen measurable progress. Currently, every state in this
country gives victims of crime the rights to be notified, present and heard
during legal proceedings, and more than half guarantee those rights in their
state constitutions. The cloak of invisibility has been shattered and victims
are now more widely viewed as legitimate participants in the criminal justice
And, yet, something critically important is still missing for victims of
crime. The criminal justice system was set up, after all, to apprehend,
prosecute, punish, and rehabilitate offenders. As a society, we have spent
billions of dollars on dealing primarily with the perpetrators of crime.
Tragically, however, far too many of the 25 million Americans who become victims
of crime each year are left isolated in crime’s wake—fending for themselves and
struggling alone with the enormous emotional, financial, and physical
consequences of crime.
It’s time to look to the next 20 years and further revolutionize the way we
think about and support those who are harmed by crime. It’s time to create a
system of parallel justice, a system that tells each crime victim, “what
happened to you was wrong and we will help you rebuild your life.”
What would parallel justice look like? A system of parallel justice would run
parallel to the criminal justice system. Parallel justice would involve both a
governmental and a community response. For every reported crime, our society
spends enormous resources responding to the incident and trying to apprehend and
prosecute the offender. With parallel justice, there would always be a
second—parallel—set of responses that would be designed to help ensure a
victim’s safety; to help a victim recover from the trauma of the crime; and to
provide resources to help a victim get his or her life back on track.
It would be a system that compensates victims of all crime (violent and
non-violent) for all their losses, including pain and suffering—not just
immediate out-of-pocket losses as done sparingly in the current system. It would
be a system that provides all victims who seek it with emergency, transitional,
and ongoing services, including counseling, relocation assistance, and support
groups. When crime victims need to relocate for their safety, they would have
priority access to housing assistance. Victimization increases substance abuse,
so, under parallel justice, crime victims would have priority access to
treatment programs. Parallel justice would offer safety planning for all victims
to prevent repeat victimization.
Within the criminal justice system, parallel justice would manifest through
consistently fair and respectful treatment of crime victims. It would mean
victims’ rights are respected and enforced, and when these rights are denied
that meaningful recourse is available. It would also mean that when convicted
offenders are ordered to pay restitution to victims for harm done, those orders
would be enforced.
Within our communities, a system of parallel justice would foster a greater
awareness of the impact of crime on its victims and encourage a more
compassionate response. For example, businesses would demonstrate concern for
their employees’ security by rearranging schedules, if necessary, or by helping
to provide different means of transportation to and from work. Universities
would assist students who are raped or stalked with transferring to a different
school or by allowing time off from classes without being penalized
academically. Accountants and financial planners would volunteer their services
to help homicide survivors pay bills, attend to financial affairs, and settle
estates. Neighbors would help crime victims by running errands, cooking meals,
performing household repairs, or babysitting children. There are endless
opportunities for our communities to help victims of crime.
Certainly, many jurisdictions across the United States have programs to
assist crime victims. But, in most places, these programs and services are
inadequate, under-funded, and of only minimal scope. To address shortcomings in
the current system and to ensure that victims of crime receive the assistance
and support they need to rebuild their lives, communities should be encouraged
to draw inspiration from the example of this country’s September 11 response.
Our generous altruistic spirit need not lie dormant until a major calamity
strikes. It can be exercised daily on behalf of the anonymous, powerless,
aggrieved, and often suffering victims of everyday crime.
This is National Crime Victims' Rights Week, an opportunity for us to dream
big and envision a more comprehensive and compassionate response to victims.
Let’s, once again, revolutionize our response to victims of crime by taking the
path of parallel justice.